There are two types of assessment that occur in the classroom. These are formative and summative assessment.
Formative Assessment, at its most basic, is ungraded, usually anonymous, feedback by students on either a student’s impression of his or her own learning or a student’s opinions about elements of the course. They are used as a means of gauging student learning before or during a learning activity/unit.
Conversely, Summative Assessments are activities that evaluate student effectiveness in meeting a learning outcome. These assignments typically take place after instruction for a unit/module in a course has ended.
For more examples of formative and summative assessments and how they can be used effectively to measure student learning, please visit our Formative Assessment vs. Summative Assessment page.
For information about writing clear Learning Outcomes for course-level assessment practices and examples, visit our Writing Clear Learning Outcomes page.